As cloud computing is a growing area, it has attracted attention from researchers and scholars to find about more about this technology and its potential. Listed below are the top 10 research topics for cloud computing, that will provide us with great insights and shape the future of cloud computing.
1. Big Data
Big Data is a large amount of raw data collated by several programs in a small amount of time. This is a large mass of unfiltered data for companies to store on site. Sorting through this data is also very time consuming to gain useful insights. All this data can be stored onto the cloud, so you don’t have to physically store it on devices. Some cloud services have big data platforms that can turn this big data into useful insights for your company.
DevOps is a combination of two terms, Development and Operations. Using the cloud technology has allowed development and operation teams to coordinate and collaborate to provide better products and services. Using this technology allows teams to better respond to customer needs and achieve business goals faster.
3. Cloud Cryptography
Cryptography in cloud computing is commonly used to secure data in the cloud. The data is secured using encryption techniques or using private key, which can make the text unreadable and limit who views the data being transferred into the cloud.
As defined by Technopedia, a private key is shared only with the key’s initiator. An example, A and B represent a message sender and message recipient. Both have their own pair of public and private keys. A, sends a message to B. A’s message is encrypted with B’s public key, but B uses their private key to decrypt A’s message.
Using cloud cryptography and techniques such as private key can be a useful way to add an extra level of security to your data.
4. Cloud Load Balancing
Cloud load balancing is splitting and distributing the incoming data load to the server from various sources. This allows companies to govern workload demands by redistributing and reallocating resources between different computers, networks and servers. Cloud load balancing holds the circulation of traffic and demands that exist over the internet. This helps businesses by reducing sudden outages, improves overall performance, reduces server crashes and provides additional security.
5. Mobile Cloud Computing
Mobile cloud computing is the combination of mobile computing and cloud computing. It works by using the cloud technology to make applications for mobile devices. These mobile cloud applications can be access through a mobile browser from any webserver. The developers of the applications don’t need to rely on customers installing the applications on mobile as it can be accessed from the browser. All the data processing and storage takes place outside of the physical mobile phone. Advantages of mobile cloud computing is increased battery life and improved synchronization of data.
The diagram from Educba.com demonstrates ways cloud technology is used with mobile. Click here to find out more about mobile cloud computing.
6. Green Cloud Computing
Data centres that have many servers, cables, air conditioners and networks, use a lot of power and release large amount of carbon dioxide into the air. Green Cloud Computing aims to make virtual data centres and serves to be environmentally friendly and more energy-efficient. Becoming more energy efficient will also lead to reduced operational costs.
7. Edge Computing
Edge computing is a more efficiently type of cloud computing, as the data is processed nearer to the source. All the computation is at the edge of the network, rather than on a centrally managed platform or in the data warehouse. Advantages of edge computing is increased security of data as it backs up data closer to the source.
Containerization in cloud computing is used to construct blocks, which help make operations more effective, version control, developer productivity and environmental stability. Using containers helps with the security of storage on the cloud. Advantages of containers include a consistent runtime environment, ability to run virtually anywhere, and lower cost in comparison to virtual machines.
9. Cloud Deployment Model
There are four types of cloud models: public cloud, private cloud, hybrid cloud and community cloud. Each model is defined as the location of the cloud. The diagram below provides a brief overview of each type of cloud.
(Aryston Web Solution 2020)
10. Cloud Security
As many companies big and small are using cloud computing, security of the data on the platform is a concern. Cloud security prevents data leakage, theft and removal. Using virtual private networks and firewalls can help your company ensure your data is secure.
Aryston Web Solution 2020, All about cloud computing and its types, Aryston Web Solution, viewed 8 December 2020,https://www.arystonwebsolution.com/blog/2020/04/13/all-about-cloud-computing-and-its-types/.
EDUCBA 2020, Mobile Cloud Computing | How It Works | Applications & Benefits, EDUCBA, viewed 8 December 2020,https://www.educba.com/mobile-cloud-computing/.
GeeksforGeeks 2020, Top 10 Cloud Computing Research Topics in 2020, GeeksforGeeks, viewed 8 December 2020,https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/top-10-cloud-computing-research-topics-in-2020/#:~:text=Top%2010%20Cloud%20Computing%20Research%20Topics%20in%202020,foreign%20attacks%20and%20breaches.%20…%20More%20items…%20.
HitBrother 2018, Edge Computing Real Time Extension in Processing Data – HitBrother, HitBrother, viewed 8 December 2020,< https://www.hitbrother.com/edge-computing-real-time-extension-in-processing-data/>.
Microsoft Azure 2020, What is DevOps?, Microsoft Azure, viewed 8 December 2020,https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/overview/what-is-devops/.
Technopedia 2014, What is a Private Key – Definition from Technopedia, Technopedia, viewed 8 December 2020,< https://www.techopedia.com/definition/16135/private-key#:~:text=Techopedia%20explains%20Private%20Key.%20A%20private%20key%20is,its%20own%20pair%20of%20public%20and%20private%20keys.>.